Policy interventions are usually intended to result in changes in human behaviour to achieve social, economic and environmental outcomes. So, it is helpful for policy makers to have access to descriptions of human behaviour and theories of change that can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of natural resource policy. This paper reviews some of the available approaches that have been developed from economic, sociological and psychological principles.
In the paper, frameworks and models explaining human behaviour are described separately from those that can be used to understand the processes of behaviour change. The frameworks consider the conscious and subconscious relationships between attitudes and behaviour as well as the contextual issues involved in societal change. Making use of these principles, a 7E Policy Package model that integrates information about behaviours and behaviour change is presented that can be used to provide a balanced mix of coercive and non-coercive policy measures.